To begin to address this void, the Urban Institute, commissioned by a national initiative dedicated to providing a range of supports for artists called Leveraging Investments in Creativity (linc), conducted a research study that focused on selected artist space projects in seven cities throughout the United States-Detroit, MI; New Orleans, LA; Philadelphia, PA; Pittsburgh, PA; Providence, RI; Seattle, WA; and Tucson, AZ. Rather than an exhaustive examination of all artist space developments, researchers focused primarily on the most prominent development projects that could serve as examples of a range of approaches.
Artists, developers, foundations and corporate sponsors, lenders, private investors, municipal leaders, advocates become involved in the development of artists' spaces for many reasons, including:
To create spaces suitable for artists' special needs
To create or enhance artists' communities and stimulate the production of innovative art work
To catalyze economic investment in disinvested neighborhoods
To bring more vibrancy to blighted areas, sometimes as a business venture
To give places a competitive economic edge as well as an advantage in terms of quality of life
Our field research within this study involved site visits to 30 emergent and mature artist space developments, and in-person interviews with various players involved in these initiatives, including artists, community developers, lenders, funders, architects, designers, and urban planners. Developments examined ranged from private ventures by artists requiring little or no outside resources or partners to midsized and large-scale efforts requiring resources from investors and philanthropies as well as public subsidy. Initiatives examined include livework spaces as well as studio, presentation, and multipurpose spaces in residential, mixed-use, commercial, and industrial areas.
The primary focus of the Urban Institute research was on the development process and the systems supporting artist space developments in various places-the players involved, the strategies for financing these projects, and the challenges faced in this process. The general development and financing processes are the topics of another report from our research.This report is concerned with a particularly important aspect of the development process for several of the initiatives requiring outside resources; positioning artist space developments within the context of other policy priorities, particularly in arts, community development, and urban revitalization realms and making the case for artist space projects in these contexts. Positioning of such developments has important implications for any advocacy strategies required to bring the projects to fruition and for expectations related to artist space impacts.
Specifically, this report discusses (a) how the developments, which have required the infusion of outside resources, have positioned themselves and the arguments they have made to garner support; (b) the advocacy strategies they have pursued; and (c) the impacts they claim and/or anticipate. This report features 23 of the 30 developments in the study. We focus only on those projects where it was clear that a case for support of the project had to be made to the public sector, foundations, or investors. The material presented here is based primarily on the experiences of projects examined in 2005 but is also informed by previous research on environments of support for artists around the country.